Java and Python are perhaps the two most popular programming languages among developers and programmers. Each one has particular characteristics that make them unique and extremely useful for different purposes. Python is predominantly used in scientific and numerical computing, and Machine learning apps. Java is popular in GUI apps, Embed Systems, and Web application services, among other uses.
Is java faster than python? Is python easier than java? Is python better than java?
Lots of questions, lots of doubts, lots of code. In the following article, we will learn more about both languages, their main features, what they are used for, how they work, their benefits, and their differences.
Created by Guido Van Rossum in 1991, Python is a high-level, object-oriented, interpreted programming language that makes it easy for programmers to write clear and logical code for projects of all kinds.
It has built-in data structures and dynamic linking, both of which, together with typing, make Python an extremely user-friendly language for rapid application development. Its simplicity and readability make it a fairly simple language, so it is usually one of the most popular choices for beginners.
It’s possible to run python on several platforms and use the same interface, it is optimal for large programs due to its structure and support. It has interactive testing and debugging mode along with dynamic type checking.
When to use Python?
A significant advantage that accompanies the simplicity of Python is it’s libraries. When someone wants to program something with Python, they will probably always have something to start with. From graphics to automation, to simple or complex development, you will almost always find a library for your purpose.
- Those who are starting to program
- Quickly implement ideas
- Share code or ideas with another developer
Advantages of Python
- Extremely useful for data visualization and analysis.
- A large number of libraries and facilitators for programmers.
- Easy to write and debug code, with a relatively simple syntax.
- It is portable, meaning possible to run it on various systems and platforms.
- It is interactive, allowing one to try or test it before its implementation.
Python is an interpreted programming language, making it easier and more concise, which makes it quite simple to start using it and program quickly. This practicality, combined with the fact that its lines of code are entered directly into the terminal. The terminal allows you to easily test programs on the fly.
Created by Sun Microsystems in 1995, Java is a high-level, network-centric, object-oriented programming language. It is also a cross-platform language, which allows its compiled code to be executed on different platforms without necessarily being recompiled. Somewhat simpler than C and C++, it is one of the most popular languages.
Some particular aspects of Java:
Java code is written only once and can be executed on almost any platform. It is mainly designed to build applications and because it is network-centric it facilitates distributed computing.
An extremely important feature is that Java can be run almost anywhere and has its own virtual machine (JVM), which acts as an interpreter and error detector. At the same time, there are many libraries that will make its use an easier experience, or allow those who use it not to start from scratch.
Java requires a complete program to run, which you must specify classes and main functions to guide Java. It is somewhat more complex and can throw errors if you omit the semicolon or braces.
Pros of Java
- A large number of libraries and easy to navigate.
- Lots of documentation with specific details.
- Extremely popular, so finding expert developers will not be difficult.
- Possibility to standardize programs and reuse code.
- Allows the possibility to do several tasks at the same time in a single program.
- Very good performance.
Both languages have their advantages and features. It is up to individuals to choose Java or Python for their development or ideas. Python is extremely popular for its simplicity and ease of reading and learning. The popularity of No-code/low-code developments and the possibility for beginners to use it without much previous knowledge makes Python a very attractive option.
Java, on the other hand, offers a wide range of possibilities to more experienced programmers. More speed and lots of documentation available, perfect for web application development.